Character Formation (Complex Model) (2008)


This handout is the non-dualistic, complex version of character formation, using simple terms from Transactional Analysis, but including the conflicted ego. Rather than seeing the ego exclusively as a repressive, rationalising fortress, homogenous in its defensive functioning, the ego is conceptualised as conflicted, split and fragmented, bringing the [...]

Character Styles and Structures – Overview Chart (2000)


Some years after I had formulated my critique and misgivings about the application of character structure theory in traditional Body Psychotherapy, I was asked to give my own updated summary of the different character styles, in this chart is the result. This is now more than 10 years [...]